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Allergic conjunctivitis

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  • Conjunctivitis means inflammation of the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva is the transparent ‘skin’ that covers the white part of the eyes and the inside of the eyelids.
  • Allergic conjunctivitis is the inflammation of the conjunctiva due to allergy. This condition occurs when the eyes come in contact with an allergen (e.g. pollen, pet fur, house dust mites, etc.).
  • It is a common disease and it is responsible for 15% of all eye-related problems reported by the GP surgeries.
  • There are four types of allergic conjunctivitis (seasonal, perennial, contact and papillary conjunctivitis). The one which appears during the pollen seasons is the most common.
  • Symptoms appear often immediately after coming in contact with the allergen and they include red eyes, itching, tearing, swelling of the conjunctiva and eyelids and burning sensation.
  • The symptoms usually affect both eyes. If allergic conjunctivitis is combined with nasal allergy, the condition is termed allergic rhinoconjunctivitis.
  • Allergic conjunctivitis can affect the quality of life because it is usually elicited by common allergens, such a pollen and house dust mites.

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